Neurology is a branch of medicine that focuses on nervous system disorders. Neurology focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of conditions and diseases that surround the central and peripheral nervous system, along with subunits such as the autonomic nervous system and somatic nervous system. This includes effective tissues, blood vessels. Neuroscience relies heavily on the field of neuroscience and the scientific study of the nervous system.
A neurology doctor who specializes in neuroscience and is trained to investigate and diagnose neurological disorders. Neurologists can also do clinical research, clinical trials, and basic research, translational researchers. Neurology is a non-surgical specialty, neurology and surgical specialty is neurosurgery.
Most of the work of neurology studies focus on neurological disorders. Neurological disorders are any disorder of the nervous system of the body. These may be structural, biochemical, or electrical abnormalities, which are present in the brain, spinal cord, and other nerves 3 resulting in a variety of symptoms. These symptoms may include seizures, confusion, pain, poor coordination, loss of sensation, and poor levels of consciousness. Although there are many common disorders, many are rare. These disorders are usually evaluated by neurological examination.
There are interventions for neurological disorders that include preventive measures, such as lifestyle changes, therapy, physiotherapy, neurorehabilitation, medications and pain management, and procedures performed by neurosurgeons.
What are the main causes of neurological disorders?
There are many different factors affecting the development of neurological disorders in the brain. Although the hard membrane protects the brain and spinal cord, and is shielded from the bones of the skull and spinal vertebrae, and is chemically separated from the blood-brain barrier, the brain, and spinal cord compromise the core Are very respectful. Although the veins are deep under the skin, they can be damaged. Individual nerves and neural networks are at risk for electrochemical and structural disturbances. Sterilization may occur in the peripheral nervous system and some damage to neurons and in general. However, it is considered rare in the spinal cord and brain.
Different factors affecting neurological problems vary, including genetic issues, congenital abnormalities, environmental health, such as malnutrition, or disorders, infections, lifestyle choices.
Neurological disorder classification
Neurological disorders can be classified according to the primary location affected. The most widespread division occurs between central nervous system disorders and peripheral nervous system disorders, due to primary types of failure, or main types.
- The Merck Manual lists these brain, spinal cord and nervous disorders which are in the following categories.
- Brain damage according to cerebral lobe damage
- temporal lobe damage
- Primal lob damage
- Parietal lobe damage
Brain problem by type:
- Peripheral neuropathy and other nervous system disorders
- Spinal disorders such as spinal disease, injury, inflammation
- Migraines and other types of headaches, such as tension or cluster headaches.
- Neck pain and lower back pain.
- Central neuropathy (neuropathic pain)
Nueriosychiathic disease, these are diseases or disorders with psychological features, known neurodevelopment, biochemical anatomy, or electrical dysfunction, and/or disease pathologies, such as attention deficit hyperactivity, disorder, autism, Tourette syndrome, and compulsive disorder.
A neurological examination can be used to assess the effects of neurological damage and disease on brain function in relation to behavior, memory, cognition. Specializes in the behavioral neurology field. Allos clinical neuropsychology uses geophysical analysis to identify and track mental work problems. It is usually some brain injury or neurological impairment.
Alternatively, a condition may be detected initially through identified abnormalities in the mental state. With further evaluation, doctors may be able to pinpoint the underlying neurological disorder. The duration of the disorder treated with neurology and mental disorders has some ambiguous limitations and is treated within the mental order characteristic of psychiatry.