Heart and vessels supply the body with important nutrients. We should pay some attention to our circulatory system to protect it.
It beats and beats and beats – the heart is tirelessly at work for us. It is the motor that pumps the blood day after day through the veins even to the most remote regions of the body. This is how oxygen and other nutrients, hormones and immune cells get to where they are needed.
Deposits can constrict vessels
So there are good reasons to take care of the unbending muscle. Because as reliable as the heart seems to work, it can be damaged for several reasons. Diseases of the cardiovascular system can be life-threatening. They are among the most frequent causes of death in western industrialized countries. Many of these cases could be avoided.
The starting point for cardiovascular diseases are often deposits of fat and lime in the walls of arteries, the vessel wall changes (arteriosclerosis, colloquially ‘arteriosclerosis’). These constrictions make the vessel less elastic and can result in circulatory problems. The most important risk factors for such deposits are increased blood sugar levels in diabetes, unfavorable cholesterol levels (especially high LDL cholesterol), smoking and high blood pressure.
Heart attack due to occlusion of the coronary arteries
It becomes dangerous when constrictions form in the fine coronary vessels that supply the muscle tissue of the heart with nutrients. If a deposit ruptures, a clot form at the site, which can completely block the blood vessel. This leads to a heart attack: the tissue is no longer sufficiently supplied with nutrients and dies.
A heart attack is an absolute emergency. If there are any signs of a heart attack, you should not hesitate to consult a cardiologist in Chennai. The most important warnings are intense chest pain, which can also radiate to other parts of the body, and an oppressive or tight feeling in the chest. They may be accompanied by cold sweat, feelings of weakness or paleness. However, a heart attack can manifest itself differently from person to person, the symptoms are not always clear. For example, pain can sometimes be absent.
Other cardiovascular diseases
A heart attack is not the only dangerous disease of the vascular system. Heart failure is often the result of high blood pressure or a heart attack. In this case, the heart loses some of its pumping power. Those affected often get out of breath quickly, even with slight exertion. Deposits in one of the two carotid arteries or in the small vessels of the brain can trigger a stroke. Some risk factors for heart disease, such as age or gender, cannot be influenced. But many can.
The following tips can help keep your heart and blood vessels healthy:
1. Eat a healthy diet
A heart-healthy diet looks something like this: Lots of fruit and vegetables on the plate, but little animal fats in the form of cheese or red meat. Unsaturated fatty acids from vegetable oils or fish are better.
2. Exercise a lot
Anyone who exercises regularly can use it to have a positive influence on their blood pressure, blood sugar, and blood fat values. It also improves the blood circulation of the heart muscle. It is best to be active several times a week. Important: Anyone who wants to take up the sport again for the first time in a long time or already has pre-existing conditions should definitely have a doctor examine him or herself and be advised on the right amount of exercise.
3. Pay attention to blood pressure
Excessive pressure damages the walls of the vessels. Anyone who has high blood pressure should, therefore, try to reduce its levels under medical supervision.
4. Do not smoke
Regular smoking promotes high blood pressure and deposits on the walls of the blood vessels. The good news: if you keep your hands off the cigarette, your risk of heart attack will quickly improve. So stop smoking today rather than tomorrow!
5. Lose weight
Being overweight is an important risk factor for a heart attack. If someone weighs too many kilos, they should, therefore, lose weight if possible, preferably under medical supervision.
6. Good blood sugar values
If sugar metabolism is disturbed, an increased amount of glucose accumulates in the blood. In the long term, this can promote deposits on the vessel walls. Anyone suffering from diabetes should have it treated professionally and pay attention to good values.
7. Good cholesterol values
In particular, elevated LDL cholesterol levels are considered a risk factor for arteriosclerosis. With the right diet and exercise (see above) and, if necessary, medication, the cardiovascular risk can be favorably influenced.
8. Ensure relaxation
The psyche also plays a role. Constant stress can increase the risk of a heart attack. Anyone who often feels stressed should find out the causes and, if possible, eliminate them. Since stress cannot always be avoided, it is worth learning how to deal with it. Relaxation techniques can help.
9. Regularly as a precaution
Damage to the vessels is treacherous: it often causes no discomfort for a long time. The first indication can be given by a health check-up at the doctor’s, which is paid for every two years by the statutory health insurance companies from the age of 35. This may reveal unfavorable blood values or diseases. Those affected can then take timely countermeasures.